I have composed a list of inventions during the late 1800s to early 1900s. I tried to find items that influenced the daily lives of graphic designers and artists. However, I also found some interesting inventions that influenced photography, construction, and art.
Web Offset Printing was invented by William Bullock in 1865. It is a process of printing that would feed paper onto a continuous roll into a press. The press printed on both sides of the paper.
Crayons were invented by Edwin Binney and Harold Smith in 1903. They were a mixture of paraffin wax and pigment. These little wax colored sticks are one of the first tools used by artists and individuals to express themselves.
The WirePhoto was first done by Western Union in 1921 but the idea was proposed by Alexander Bain. The WirePhoto was an electronically transmitted photograph. (see image to the right)
Masking tape was first made by Richard Drew in 1923. He worked for the well-known company 3M. The tape was first made to accommodate the needs of painters. It only had adhesive material on the edges of the tape, not in the middle.
Scotch tape was then made in 1930 by Richard Drew as well. The tape was clear with an all purpose adhesive on one side. The dispenser was first made in 1932 by John A. Borden, who also worked for 3M.
The Photocopier was invented by Chester Floyd Carlson in 1937. The process is known as xerography. The process includes making copies without the use of ink.
All of these inventions changed the way art and graphic design is produced and executed. It is interesting to think what we would have done without crayons as children, or without masking and scotch tape to ease our mounting and presentation.
Sources: Wikipedia, Encyclopedia Brittanica
End of Semester
9 years ago